Planting is an inexact science, but here you go
Some time back I wrote that at a future date I’d print seed-starting dates for the remainder of the growing year. I’ve had a couple people ask about that, so I thought now would be as good a time as any to fulfill that promise.
I put together this calendar while farming for a living. Gardening is an inexact science, but I found that as a general rule these dates worked out more often than not. Having a list or calendar at least provides a reminder and guide to get things in that otherwise might be forgotten.
One important note: if you live at elevations higher than 3,000 to 4,000 feet then you might want to add two or so weeks to these suggested planting dates.
• Plant leek transplants.
• Direct seed okra.
• Direct seed basil, can plant later as well to have with tomatoes.
• Succession soybeans, beets, onion sets, radish, podding radish.
• Direct seed summer squash, cucumbers, cantaloupe, watermelon, pumpkin.
• Transplant tomatoes, eggplants and peppers as weather permits.
• Direct seed beans.
• Direct seed winter squash, spaghetti and butternut (don’t hurry, remember these are for storage).
• Under row cover, grow succession plantings of summer ‘lettuce’ mix: suggest, mizuna, kale, collards, tatsoi, red giant mustard, arugula. Use as cut-and-come again, harvest immature for raw salads. Replant short row every two weeks or so for summer use.
• Plant sweet potato slips.
• Plant chard, if haven’t already, also Malabar spinach, dill.
Early to mid June
• Start Brussels sprouts for fall transplants in shade or in shaded greenhouse.
• Succession soybeans, beets, onion sets, podding radish, summer lettuce mix.
• Plant more sweet corn, can keep planting up to July 4 and will make. Also, true for cucumbers, soybeans, summer squash.
End June to early July
• Sow in greenhouse or other shaded spot, broccoli and cabbage for fall planting.
• Direct seed rutabaga and beets in garden.
• Start fall lettuces for transplants.
• Transplant Brussels sprouts when ready to garden.
Late July to early August
• Transplant broccoli and cabbage when ready to garden.
Early to mid August
• Direct seed kale, collards.
Mid August to Sept. 1
• Direct seed turnips for roots, turnips for tops, rape, mustards.
• Direct seed black Spanish radish, daikon, Chinese cabbage, scallions, mizuna, tatsoi, beet (for tops), chard, spinach, arugula.
• Seed more lettuce for transplants, start in cool place.
• Direct seed regular radishes, carrots, transplant first round lettuces to garden.
• Plant mache, claytonia, minutina. Replant tatsoi, mizuna, etc. for cut-and-come again. Transplant lettuces to garden under row cover.
• Plant garlic bulbs. Keep planting Asian greens as spaces open.
December - January
• Plant Asian greens. Carrots. Spinach. Let-tuce transplants.
Second week January
• First round cabbage, broccoli
Last week January
• Second round cabbage, broccoli (can continue planting in greenhouse through Febru-ary as needed).
• Peppers (can continue into February as needed, helps germination to start on a heating mat. Must be transplanted into continually bigger containers in greenhouse).
First week February
• Head lettuces such as Buttercrunch, Tom Thumb.
• Chives, thyme, other herbs (continue planting through February, March as needed).
Second or third week February
In garden toward end of February, first week March weather permitting. Be prepared to cover transplants when temps threaten to drop below 20 degrees.
• Transplant lettuce, broccoli and cabbage into garden.
• Direct seed leaf lettuce, snow peas, English peas, carrots, boc choi, onion sets, spinach, radishes, beets.
First week March
• Start tomatoes in greenhouse or house (must be transplanted into continually bigger containers).
• Start eggplant (in moist paper towels tucked into ventilated plastic sandwich bag in warm place in house, when germinated plant as usual in greenhouse or house).
Second week March
• Plant potatoes in garden (these are for new potatoes).
• Direct seed kohlrabi.
• Succession plant beets, onion sets (for green onions), radishes, podding radish.
• Direct seed cilantro, pole or bush beans, first planting of soybeans for edamame, sweet corn when soil warms (old-timers planted early corn when the dogwood blooms).